A simple tool for syllabification of small amounts of text, especially for use in typesetting chant.
- Choose language (right now only Latin and Spanish are supported).
- Mark the checkbox for Gabc-ready output if you like (which effectively just puts parentheses after each syllable).
- Start entering your text into the input text area. The syllabified text is automatically entered in the output box below.
- For more details, see below.
Language:Format for Gabc
- You can enter a hyphen for a manual syllable break if the word is not being correctly syllabified.
Syllabification Rules for LatinThis page employs the rules found in A Primer on Ecclesiastical Latin by Collins. The rules are the following: Divisions occur when:
- After open vowels (those not followed by a consonant) (e.g., "pi-us" and "De-us")
- After vowels followed by a single consonant (e.g., "vi-ta" and "ho-ra")
- After the first consonant when two or more consonants follow a vowel (e.g., "mis-sa", "minis-ter", and "san-ctus").
- In compound words the consonants stay together (e.g., "de-scribo"). Note: this particular exception is not currently implemented since it requires a dictionary list of compound words.
- A mute consonant (b, c, d, g, p, t) or f followed by a liquid consonant (l, r) go with the succeeding vowel: "la-crima", "pa-tris"
Also counted as single consonants are qu and the aspirates ch, ph, th, which should never be separated in syllabification: architectus, ar-chi-tec-tus; loquacem, lo-qua-cem.
Syllabification rules for SpanishThe rules this page employs for syllabification of texts in Spanish come from http://sramatic.tripod.com/silabas.html. These rules loosely translated thus (strong vowels are a, e, and o; weak vowels are i and u):
- Two vowels are separated if both are strong. Two vowels are not separated if one is strong and the other weak, nor if both are weak.
- Two consonants normally are separated: ac-ción, tam-bién, can-sa-do.
- Two successive consonants remain together if the second is either an l or an r: frí-o, ha-blar, pro-ble-ma.
- Two consonants remain together if they form ch, ll or rr.
- In the case of three successive consonants, the first consonant is separated from the other two: in-cre-í-ble, im-pro-vi-sar, es-drú-ju-la.
- If, in the case of three consonants together, the center consonant is an s, the first two consonants are separated from the last: cons-tan-te, ins-pec-tor, (ex-per-to; x is equivalent to "ks").
- In the case of four consonants, they are divided in half: ex-tra-or-di-na-rio (again, x is equivalent to "ks"), ins-cri-bir.